Zebra Mussel Fact Sheet . Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Refer to EDDMapS Midwest for current distribution. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 1 In the 1700s, the mussels moved west as commerce increased between Eastern, Central and Western Europe. Updates? People spread zebra mussels primarily through the movement of water-related equipment. Place of Origin: Zebra mussels are native to eastern Europe and western Asian but were introduced to the United States in the 1980s. Zebra mussel definition: a small striped variety of mussel | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Native of the Black and Caspian seas region in Southeastern Europe. They made their first known attack on Europe in the early 19th century and were carried (probably in ship water ballasts) to North America about 1986; their invasion of all the Great Lakes has had devastating effects on the lakes’ native mussel and fish populations. A problem in Europe from the 19th century, the zebra mussel arrived in North America, probably in the ballast water of ships, in 1986. They entered North America through the release of ballast water from shipping vessels traveling from Europe. Current spread is likely from the movement of water and fouled equipment. Dreissena polymorpha or Zebra mussel is native to Eurasia, specifically the drainage basins of the Black, Caspian, Aral and Azov seas. The life history of zebra mussels differs greatly from most endemic Great Lakes-region bivalves (Pennak 1989, Mackie and Schlosser 1996). The quagga mussel (D. rostriformis burgensis), a similar species in both form and habit, was first discovered in the Great Lakes in 1989. Corrections? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They can also attach to aquatic plants. Quagga and zebra mussels get their common names from the zebra-type striping on the shells. Zebra mussels reached North America in the mid-1980s in the ballast water of a ship. The zebra mussels also outcompete the natives for food and space, and because of their fast reproduction can quickly overwhelm a water system. It has a small triangular shell with a sharply pointed umbo (hinge end). The name “Zebra Mussel” derives from the color of its shell which is light brown with dark brown zig-zag stripes. The zebra mussel was originally described by the famous Russian scientist and explorer Pyotr Simon Pallas from a population in a tributary of the Ural River in the Caspian Sea Basin. Zebra mussels are an invasive, fingernail-sized mollusk that is native to fresh waters in Eurasia. Microscopic larvae (veligers) can survive in water contained in bait buckets, live wells, bilge areas, ballast tanks, motors and other water-containing devices. Native Range: Zebra mussels are native to freshwater rivers and lakes in Eastern Europe and western Asia. Omissions? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Under natural thermal regimes, zebra mussel oogenesis occurs in autumn, with … In the United States and Canada, facility managers use pesticides to kill zebra mussels in closed systems, such as water-cooling systems of power plants. Many pesticides used in closed systems are not allowed for use in open water. From its native origin, the species has spread to the point where … © 2020 Minnesota DNR | Equal opportunity employer |, Call 651-296-6157 or 888-MINNDNR (646-6367), Minnesota law requires water recreationists to, U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center AIS Identification Guide. Mussels attach to boats, docks, swim rafts and boat lifts. Zebra mussels, so imaginatively named for their black-and-white striped shells, are all but wreaking havoc on a number of Texas lakes. The species was unintentionally introduced into the United States’ Great Lakes through the discharge of contaminated cargo ship ballast water. The zebra mussel is native to parts of western Russian near the Caspian Sea. Endemic bivalves are monoecious, dioecious or hermaphroditic, and some are internally fertilized by filtering sperm from the water column. How to say zebra mussel… Introduced to the United States in about 1986, the zebra mussel is thought to have hitched rides through ballast water in the bottom of ships traveling from Europe to the United States. Stopping the Spread Zebra mussels are in the Dreissenidae family, the false mussel and zebra mussel family. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. In natural waters, such as lakes or rivers, attempts to control zebra mussels are uncommon and considered experimental. A single zebra mussel can filter one quart of water per day while feeding primarily on algae. The quagga mussel (Dreissena rostriformis, also known as Dreissena bugensis or Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) is a species (or subspecies) of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Dreissenidae.It has an average lifespan of 3 to 5 years. Zebra mussels attach to hard surfaces underwater. Zebra mussel definition is - a chiefly freshwater Eurasian lamellibranch mollusk (Dreissena polymorpha) that was accidentally introduced into the Great Lakes and has spread to other waterways where it colonizes and clogs water intake pipes and competes with native fish for food. Introduction. Zebra Mussel History. AUSTIN, Texas - The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department says it has designated Lake Buchanan as "infested" with invasive zebra mussels, meaning that there is … Exotic dreissenids are dioecious, with fertilization occurring in the water column. Adults are typically fingernail-sized. A female can produce 100,000 to 500,000 eggs per year. To date, they have caused millions of dollars in commercial damage by clogging the water pipes… Zebra mussels originated from the lakes of southeast Russia and have spread along waterways or been transported by shipping to northwest Russia, central and western Europe, Scandinavia, Britain, Ireland and … Zebra mussel life history. It upset the…. The zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is a bivalve mollusk that inhabits freshwater. Adults are typically fingernail-sized. Zebra mussel, a species of tiny mussels (genus Dreissena) that are prominent freshwater pests. They rapidly became established in the Great Lakes and the waters draining them. They live underwater, attached to natural and manmade substrates such as rocks, wood, plants, native mussels, pipes, docks, boat lifts, swim rafts, moored watercraft, and other debris. Those of us who live or have been on a lake or a river, know about Bivalves. DISTRIBUTION: Natively the zebra mussel inhabits parts of western Russia near the Caspian Sea and the Ural River. Zebra mussels will attach to native mussels much like they do docks, and in large enough numbers can prevent the natives from moving, feeding, reproducing, or regulating water properly. Zebra mussels are small animals with a striped, D-shaped shell composed of two hinged valves joined by a ligament. The initial introduction was from the discharge of ballast water into the Great Lakes. Zebra Mussels are smaller than other mussel species. When zebra mussels colonize these historic shipwrecks, they quickly obliterate the construction details and structure of the wreck site. The Zebra Mussel is native to the Caspian, Black and Aral Sea in Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Create a costly problem for power plants, cities and residents when they clog water intakes. Both mussel species are small and typically grow to … It was first found in countries like Poland, Russia, and other countries formerly comprising the Soviet Union. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ecology:. A striped mussel, , originating in Russia.. Zebra mussel Meaning. They are triangular in shape, and sit flat on ventral side. While we can learn a lot from looking at how zebra mussels behave in Europe, zebra mussels face different ecosystems in North America often making comparisons and predictions complicated. Zebra mussels attach to hard surfaces underwater. Filter tiny food particles out of the water, which can reduce available food for larval fish and other animals, and can increase aquatic plant growth as a result of increased water clarify. Zebra mussels are relatively small (typically the size of an adult fingernail) with thin shells of variable coloring, often with stripes or zig-zag patterns. Zebra mussels … Get Started. Video shows what zebra mussel means. Local Concern: Prodigious filter feeding removes a … Full Record; Other Related Research The Strategy to Advance Management of Invasive Zebra and Quagga Mussels is intended to drive investments, policy, and research around invasive mussels across the Great Lakes region and beyond. Fertilized eggs develop into microscopic, free-living larvae, called "veligers," that form shells. Zebra mussels are an invasive species that originated from the caspian sea and are thought to have arrived from the ballast water of ships. History and Background Quagga and zebra mussels arrived in the United States from Europe in the 1980s and spread to many eastern waterways, rivers, and lakes. By the 1830’s, the mussels had invaded most of Europe through a series of shipping canals. Zebra mussels are small animals with a striped, D-shaped shell composed of two hinged valves joined by a ligament. Adult mussels can survive out of water – less than five days in dry conditions, but up to 21 days in very wet conditions (such as inside dock/lift pipes). After two to three weeks, the veligers settle and attach to a firm surface using tiny fibers called byssal threads. The prominent dark and light banding pattern on the shell is the most obvious characteristic. 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